“Vocal Expression” (does the expression fit the topic) (para-linguistics)
1. lack of articulation - will effect not only delivery but also Vocal Resonance/tone
2. Speaking Pace/Rate discrepancy - too fast may interfere with articulation and delivery of emotions. Different jobs require different paces.
3. No dynamics- Volume always at one level, effects emotions and also can cause vocal problems, if speaking too loud or too breathy constantly at the same level.
4. Undefined Inflections- Wrong inflections can deliver wrong messages.
5. Not using Pause- Not pausing correctly will affect the delivery of emotions in a txt.
Lack of Articulation
Speech compromises two sorts of sounds consonants and vowels
Vowels - Airflows- Carries the “Feeling”
consonants - Offers more resistance to the airflow - Carries the “sense and definition”
What is the client missing in the articulation?
1. Listen for ends of words to that enhance diction, “don’t swallow” the last word in the sentence.
2. Relax your neck, tongue and jaw ( avoid tension)
3. Practice problem sounds, consonants that may be difficult to pronounce especially if its a foreign language.
4. Pause to replenish breath
5. Clearly articulate complex technical words
6. practice the 100 most mispronounced words
discrepancy - too fast may interfere with articulation and delivery of emotions.
Different jobs require different paces.
Sometimes the speaking rate is increasing because of nerves, stress or just being excited.
Audio books recommend 150-160 words per minute (wpm)
A speaker 100 wpm
auctioneers can speak 25 wpm
Politicians speak 120 wpm and some 80 wpm
Pace and rate can vary by the speaker as they use pauses and also lengthen vowels and consonants.
An exercise for Rate and Pace, Pause of speaker
• check on the use of pauses and word length.
• Check for 3 txt with 100 words, 140 words and 200 words and ask the client to read them in one min.
• Mark the pauses that can be used for effective speaking.
Use Tick-Talk app which is a metronome for speaking professions, helping with different average paces.
The use of pauses, enhances expression and empowers the speech.
Partial Pause - no breath is taken
Complete Pause - we will breath.
3 types of Dramatic Pause
• The Rhetorical Pause- pause before the word to help the audience anticipate what follows or when asking a question
• The Oratorical Pause- a pause after a word to help audiences reflect upon what has been said. it can be used before and after the fraise
• The emotional Pause- to indicate a perturbed state of mind due to extreme sorrow.
Regarding dealing with breathiness it is usually anxiety going on in the speaker that is
effecting the breath.
Only work on Diaphragmatic breathing and remove any Clavicular Breathing. Nerves and tension effect the breathing to have the client read out loud and be in state so that you can check the breathing.
Coping with Stage Fright
learn your speech well
stay away from foods and drinks that increase your nerves
manage your breathing
work on mindset.
• Use eye contact for connecting and certainty, never look upward (as a sign of needing divine intervention) In group scenarios Keep your eye on one person for one thought and then move to another person.
• Engaging facial expressions
• Impressive appearance
• Own your space
• keep your breastbone forward
• allow your arms to swing naturally
• Hand gestures need to be infront of body between shoulders and waist.